Therefore we hypothesize 3 that people who are divorced or widowed will show less interest in dating a cancer survivor than single people who did not experience divorce or death of a spouse. Defensive distancing from victims of serious illness: The role of delay. Death Stud ;31 10 — The description entailed work teacher , hobbies playing tennis and mountain biking , and personality characteristics social, spontaneous, active, funny and sometimes stubborn. Valkenburg PM, Peter J. However, attitudes about cancer may have improved more recently, due to media presentations of people treated for cancer as being courageous [ 32 , 33 ]. Tips for pursuing new relationships Concerns about dating and sexual intimacy after cancer treatment are common. All traits correlated with interest in a date, which varied between conditions Table 3.
Qualitative studies indicated that cancer survivors may be worried about finding a partner in the future, but whether this concern is warranted is unknown. Correlations were used to investigate relationships between interest in a date and assessment of traits. However, widowed respondents were much less interested in a date with a cancer survivor, and women showed less interest in a cancer survivor during active follow-up relative to survivors beyond follow-up. Cancer survivors do not have to expect any more problems in finding a date than people without a cancer history, and can wait a few dates before disclosing. Survivors dating widowed people and survivors in active follow-up could expect more hesitant reactions and should disclose earlier. A vignette study. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Finding a romantic partner is a central goal in life for most people and essential for well-being [ 1 , 2 ]. Especially when dealing with a stressful life event as cancer, having a partner can be advantageous: Partnered people on active cancer treatment adapt better both physically and psychologically as compared to those without a partner [ 3 — 13 ].
Qualitative studies indicated just yorkshire dating cancer survivors may be worried about eite a partner in the future, but whether this concern is warranted is unknown. Correlations were used to investigate relationships between interest in a date and assessment of traits. However, widowed respondents were much less interested in a date with a cancer survivor, and women showed less interest in a cancer survivor https://zoosaurus.xyz/board/non-location-based-dating-apps.php active follow-up relative to survivors beyond follow-up.
Cancer survivors do not have to expect any more problems in finding a date than see more without a cancer history, and can wait a few dates before disclosing. Survivors dating widowed people and survivors in active follow-up could expect more hesitant reactions and should disclose earlier.
A vignette study. This is an open access cncer distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. The canecr had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that patiets competing interests exist. Finding a romantic partner is a central goal in life dating a man with attachment issues most people and essential for well-being [ 12 ]. Especially when dealing with a stressful life event as cancer, having a more info can be advantageous: Partnered people on active cancer treatment adapt better both physically and psychologically as compared to those without a partner [ 3 — 13 ].
However, knowledge about establishing a new relationship following cancer is lacking. In addition, several studies showed that cancer survivors are less often married or partnered as compared to healthy peers [ 15 — 17 ].
As dating site for cancer patients result, there is a growing population of single cancer survivors who will be sute with finding a new partner after they completed their treatment. Qualitative studies revealed several issues that cancer survivors experience when they are looking for a partner.
For example, survivors reported feeling insecure and different [ 18 ], feeling negative about their bodies [ 19 ] or less sexually desirable, while they can also worry about late effects like infertility, and whether this could be a deal breaker for future partners [ 1820 ]. Survivors specifically worry about negative reactions from potential partners toward their appearance and fear rejections, making the disclosure of their cancer history more difficult [ 21 — 24 ].
However, dating and initiating a relationship depends on two people. Investigating the attitude of healthy individuals towards cancer survivors as potential romantic partners is essential in order to understand how relationship formation might be affected by cancer. How individuals think about starting a relationship with someone who has had cancer is unknown, but we do know that people have a tendency to react negatively to others who are ill or disabled.
Many people are distressed by thinking or actually meeting a cancer patient, and as a result avoid contact, leaving patients feeling socially isolated [ 25 — 28 ]. Another study found similar negative sentiments and distancing in the general population, especially among people who have had canecr personal experience with cancer [ 30 ]. However, attitudes about cancer may have improved more recently, due to media presentations of people treated for cancer as being courageous [ 3233 ].
We embedded cancer information in a subtle way into these vignettes rather than directly asking people about their interest in dating cancer daging to account for social desirability. Interest in dating a cancer survivor may also differ by gender. Although men place relatively more value on physical attractiveness and women on social status [ 3435 ], they both value health, dependability, stability, education and intelligence in a long-term mate [ 3637 ].
However, women are usually the more choosy sex, meaning that they are less open for romantic contact than men and more critical when they search for a partner. From the perspective of evolutionary psychology, women have evolved to be the more choosier sex, where they look for traits forr a partner that increase the chance of protection, provision and investment in potential children.
This is a result of women having much higher parental investment being pregnant, nursing. Thus, a mistake in mate choice, and consequently having a child with a wrong mate, is costlier in all aspects for women than it is for men. Studies show how women, all around the world, value dependability, stability, education and intelligence in a long- term mate more than men do [ 37 ]. Also, men are more willing to compromise on the traits they ideally desire in with guy dating different values a potential partner than women, meaning that men would accept mates that do not meet all of their requirements more than women would, for example regarding health [ 39 ].
We hypothesize that 1 single people will be less interested in dating a cancer survivor than a similar partner without a cancer click. We further hypothesize that women will be less interested in romantic contacts than men, and 2 that this difference will be more pronounced if the potential partner is a cancer survivor.
To test our hypotheses, we conducted three experimental vignette studies among members of a national Dutch dating website experiment 1 and university students experiment 2 and 3using fictive profiles of a potential dating partner.
Many singles look for a potential date or partner online ever since dating dite became available [ 40 ]. Sunncamp mains hook up study reactions to a cancer survivor among single people who patiente actively looking for a date or partner, we chose to recruit participants who were members of a dating website.
Participants were presented with a written profile canxer either a cancer survivor or someone without a cancer history while will dating tips for a girl this aspects were kept identical.
Members of a dating website have different relationship histories, ranging from never-married, to divorced, or widowed. It has been found that a change from being married to unmarried either divorced or widowed is related to lower well-being, as compared to those sire were never married [ 24344 ].
It might be that people who have experienced the loss of a partner are less interested in making contact with a cancer cacer, as cancer invokes ideas about death and potentially losing a partner again [ 26 ]. Therefore we hypothesize 3 that people who are divorced or widowed will show less interest in dating a cancer survivor than single people who did not experience divorce or death of a spouse.
One website advertised the link to the phoebe angus mclaren did tonkin dating survey in their bi-weekly email newsletter sent to members, the other two posted the ad on their blog or website.
The online survey started with informing participants about the voluntary and anonymous character of this study done by this web page University of Groningen.
They were asked to indicate their consent by ticking a box and could then proceed to the questionnaire not ticking the box would let them exit the questionnaire. Basic demographic questions about gender, education level, marital status single, divorced, widowed, in a relationshipsexual orientation, and geographic region were asked. Respondents were then randomly assigned to the experimental vignettes.
How people present themselves in their profile can have a big impact on the number of responses they get. Nextwe will show you a transcript of a profile textwithout a picture due to privacy reasons. The person in the profile is dating site for cancer patients pahients the computer : you both live dating site for cancer patients the same region and are in the same age category.
The description entailed work teacherhobbies playing tennis and mountain bikingand personality characteristics social, spontaneous, active, funny and sometimes stubborn. This description was the same for click at this page two conditions.
In the middle of the profile, the manipulation was presented. The Ethical Committee of the psychology department of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, approved this study ppo We report scores for each of these characteristics separately. In fro healthy condition, interest did not differ by relationship status S1 Fig and Table 2.
The healthy trait was positively, albeit weakly to moderately correlated with the likelihood to date this person in both conditions, meaning that the more healthy they assessed the presented person, the more interested they were in dating them Table 3. Overall, the traits correlated in a similar way and strength with interest in a date between the healthy and the cancer cncer, except for athletic.
Among check this out of a dating website, interest in dating a cancer survivor was lower than interest in a comparable person without a cancer history. Although this finding supported our first hypothesis, this continue reading was negligible in effect size.
Women were found to be less interested in a dating your supervisor dating site for cancer patients men supporting our second hypothesisbut this gender difference did not depend on whether the potential partner had cancer or not. Our third hypothesis, that divorced and widowed people would be less interested in dating a cancer survivor was only supported for widowed people.
We expected to find the same difference for divorced people, but that was not the case. It may be that specifically losing a partner to death makes widowed people reluctant to dating someone who has had cancer and might die.
They may have also lost their previous partner to cancer and may want to avoid going through such an experience again.
Therefore, it can be expected that having had cancer patienta relevant for older survivors looking for a new partner, as they are more likely to encounter someone who is widowed. Although this experiment was done in a highly relevant context i. We noticed that respondents were not very likely to see themselves dating the presented person i.
We speculate that a missing picture may be a vital reason for this overall low interest. Looks are an extremely important first trigger of interest [ 45 ]. In order to improve upon this potential pitfall, we decided to include a profile picture in our second experiment.
Because members of a dating website are a diverse dating site for cancer patients when it comes to age and previous relationship status, we aimed to test our hypotheses in a more homogeneous group of young adult single people. In early adulthood, other reasons for dating may prevail in comparison to older adulthood.
While older adults might aim for marriage, young adults tend to aim for short-term partners and less relationship involvement, and desire someone who is similar to them [ 46 ]. During this phase in life, it could be that a cancer history implies that the other person is less similar at a young age, few people have been confronted with such a serious life eventresulting in less interest.
A previous experiment in a student sample showed that respondents saw themselves as less similar to someone with cancer, please click for source a patient with a sprained ankle [ 47 ]. Also, at a young age, physical appearance and sexual traits such patiengs passion and sexual responsiveness are considered more important in a sexual or romantic partner than at an older age [ 4849 ].
To account for this, we first assessed interest in the person before learning about the cancer history to examine whether the disclosure of a cancer history would decrease this initial interest.
We then asked participants when dating while on a would like to learn about a cancer history from a dating partner. Qualitative studies reported that young adult cancer survivors sometimes struggle with when and how to tell a potential new partner about their cancer history [ 2250 ], but study findings from healthy partners perspectives are missing.
Students did not receive credits for their participation, but were informed that this study was part of their colloquium and that they would be informed about the results in an upcoming lecture. This resulted in a remaining sample of respondents see Table 1column experiment 2.
The voluntary and anonymous character of the study was explained online and participants were informed adting by proceeding with the questionnaire, they indicated their consent with participation. Participants were asked to indicate basic demographic information before they fro randomized to the healthy or cancer condition see Table 1column experiment 2.
They were presented with a description and picture of a fictive fellow student. Gender of the fictive student was matched by sexual orientation and pictures showed a close-up with a happy facial patjents used from the Radboud Faces Database [ 51 ].
The male and female pictures were selected based on age comparable to the age of first year students and attractive looks. After answering several questions, respondents were presented with part 2 of the profile, presenting either a story for the healthy condition lost best friend to cancer three years ago vs.
The Ethical Committee of the psychology department of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, approved of this study ppo Variables and measures: After reading the first part of the scenario, respondents rated on a visual analog scale no 1 —yes 10 whether they would be interested in a date with this person initial interest.
After being randomized, they again rated interest in a date, followed by ratings of the presented person on 10 traits i. Finally, all participants including those in the healthy condition were asked when they would like to learn about a cancer history of a potential romantic partner i.
Assessment of traits: General linear models with condition and gender as fixed factors is uranium lead dating accuracy the traits as dependent variable showed differences in three of the seven traits. No significant effects were found for gender or the interaction of condition and gender.
Correlations between the assessment of traits and interest in a date varied somewhat ptaients conditions Table 3. In cancr conditions, respondents were more interested in a date when they assessed the person as being more interesting, independent, healthy, funny, and strong. However, interest of respondents in the healthy patientd was also related to them seeing the person as more brave, dating site for cancer patients this was not the case in the cancer condition.
Interest of respondents in the cancer condition was related to their assessment of the other person as being friendly and experienced, whereas this was not the case in the healthy condition.